Current Research on Decomposition and Transformation of Explosives in Environment by some higher plants and Cyperraceae

Do Ngoc Khue, Vu Duc Loi, Tran Van Chung, Do Bihn Minh, Pham Kien Cuong, I. Francis Cheng


Using higher plants to decompose xenobiotic compounds is one of environmental friendly methods which has been being developed and had many good results. This paper aims to summarize and to introduce some key achievements regarding the research on the application of higher plants to decompose and to transform such explosives as 2,4,6-Trinitrotoluene (TNT), 2,4-Dinitrotoluene (DNT), Hexahydro-1,3,5-trinitro-1,3,5-triazin (RDX), Octahydro-1,3,5,7-tetranitro-1,3,5,7-tetrazocxin (HMX), 2,4,6,8,10,12-hexaazaisowurtzitane (CL-20), glyceroltrinitrate (NG), Pentaerythritoltetrinitrat (PETN); 2,4,6-Trinitrorezocxin (TNR), 2,4,6-Trinitrophenol (TNP) in soil and water by various authors during the last decade. The paper also shows some key results obtained by Vietnamese authors in the testing and application of Cyperraceae and several tropical plants to detoxify the environment polluted by above explosives.

 Keywords: Explosives, environment, higher plants, cyperraceae detoxification, TNT, DNT, RDX, HMX, CL-20, NG, PETN, TNR, TNP



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